10 Nights and 11 Days
South Africa, the southernmost country on the African continent, renowned for its varied topography, great natural beauty, and cultural diversity, all of which have made the country a favoured destination for travelers since the legal ending of apartheid (Afrikaans: “apartness,” or racial separation) in 1994.
South Africa’s remoteness—it lies thousands of miles distant from major African cities such as Lagos and Cairo and more than 6,000 miles (10,000 km) away from most of Europe, North America, and eastern Asia, where its major trading partners are located—helped reinforce the official system of apartheid for a large part of the 20th century. With that system, the government, controlled by the minority white population, enforced segregation between government-defined races in housing, education, and virtually all spheres of life, creating in effect three nations: one of whites (consisting of peoples primarily of British and Dutch [Boer] ancestry, who struggled for generations to gain political supremacy, a struggle that reached its violent apex with the South African War of 1899–1902); one of blacks (consisting of such peoples as the San hunter-gatherers of the northwestern desert, the Zulu herders of the eastern plateaus, and the Khoekhoe farmers of the southern Cape regions); and one of “Coloureds” (mixed-race people) and ethnic Asians (Indians, Malays, Filipinos, and Chinese). The apartheid regime was disdained and even vehemently opposed by much of the world community, and by the mid-1980s South Africa found itself among the world’s pariah states, the subject of economic and cultural boycotts that affected almost every aspect of life. During this era the South African poet Mongane Wally Serote remarked,
Eventually forced to confront the untenable nature of ethnic separatism in a multicultural land, the South African government of F.W. de Klerk (1989–94) began to repeal apartheid laws. That process in turn set in motion a transition toward universal suffrage and a true electoral democracy, which culminated in the 1994 election of a government led by the black majority under the leadership of the long-imprisoned dissident Nelson Mandela. As this transition attests, the country has made remarkable progress in establishing social equity in a short period of time.
South Africa has three cities that serve as capitals: Pretoria (executive), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Johannesburg, the largest urban area in the country and a centre of commerce, lies at the heart of the populous Gauteng province. Durban, a port on the Indian Ocean, is a major industrial centre. East London and Port Elizabeth, both of which lie along the country’s southern coast, are important commercial, industrial, and cultural centres.
Almost the entire country lies within the temperate zone, and extremes of heat and cold are rare. Its location next to a subtropical high-pressure belt of descending air produces stable atmospheric conditions over most of its surface area, and the climate generally is dry.
Because most of the country lies at fairly high elevation, which tempers the influence of latitude, even the tropical and near-tropical northern areas are much cooler than would otherwise be the case. High elevation and lack of the moderating influence of the sea produce large diurnal temperature variations in most inland areas.
The climate is greatly influenced by the oceans that surround the country to the east, south, and west. The temperate cyclones of the southern ocean exercise considerable influence on weather patterns, especially in winter, when their circulation moves northward. The cold northward-flowing Benguela Current not only cools the west coast considerably but also contributes to the dryness and stability of the atmosphere over the western parts of the country, while the warm southward-flowing Mozambique and Agulhas currents keep temperatures higher on the east and southeast coasts. The resultant warmer and less-dense air rises more readily, facilitating the entry of moisture-bearing clouds from the east.
South Africa and the adjoining ocean areas are influenced throughout the year by descending, divergent upper air masses that circulate primarily eastward, generally causing fine weather and low annual precipitation, especially to the west. During winter (June to August), cold polar air moves over the southwestern, southern, and southeastern coastal areas, sometimes reaching the southern interior of the country from the southwest. These polar masses are accompanied by cold fronts as well as by rain and snow. In summer (December to February), the Atlantic high-pressure system settles semipermanently over the southern and western parts of the country. Local heating of the landmass sometimes causes low-pressure conditions to develop, and rain-bearing tropical air masses are drawn in from the Indian Ocean over the northeastern region.
South Africa is generally semiarid; its precipitation is highly variable, and farmers often face water shortages. More than one-fifth of the country is arid and receives less than 8 inches (200 mm) of precipitation annually, while almost half is semiarid and receives between 8 and 24 inches (200 and 600 mm) annually. Only about 6 percent of the country averages more than 40 inches (1,000 mm) per year. The amount of precipitation gradually declines from east to west. Whereas the KwaZulu-Natal coast receives more than 40 inches (1,000 mm) annually and Kimberley approximately 16 inches (400 mm), Alexander Bay on the west coast receives less than 2 inches (50 mm).
Summers are warm to hot, with daytime temperatures generally from 70 to 90 °F (21 to 32 °C). Higher elevations have lower temperatures, while the far northern and northeastern regions and the western plateau and river valleys in the central and southern regions have higher temperatures. At night temperatures fall substantially in the interior—in some places by as much as 30 °F (17 °C)—while on the coast the daily range is much smaller. Winters are mostly cool to cold, with many higher areas often having temperatures below freezing at night but readings of 50 to 70 °F (10 to 21 °C) in the daytime; however, winters are warm on the eastern and southeastern coasts. Temperatures generally decline from east to west: Durban has an annual average temperature of 69 °F (21 °C), while Port Nolloth—at a similar latitude but on the west coast—registers 57 °F (14 °C).
The country contains more than a dozen national parks. The largest, Kruger National Park in Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces, is noted for its populations of rhinoceroses, elephants, and buffalo, as well as a variety of other wildlife. Mountain Zebra National Park in Eastern Cape province shelters the endangered mountain zebra; Addo Elephant National Park, also in Eastern Cape, protects more of the elephant population; and Bontebok National Park in Western Cape contains the endangered bontebok (a type of antelope). Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park in KwaZulu-Natal, inscribed as a World Heritage site in 1999, provides a protected environment for the Nile crocodile, a large hippopotamus population, and many species of birds, in addition to other animals. Regulated big-game hunting of elephants, white rhinoceroses, lions, leopards, buffalo, and many types of antelope is allowed in the country during certain months of the year. Grysboks, klipspringers, and red hartebeests (all varieties of antelope), giraffes, black rhinoceroses, pangolins (anteaters), and antbears are specially protected animals that cannot be hunted.
Conservation efforts in Southern Africa have been aided by the creation of transfrontier parks and conservation areas, which link nature reserves and parks in neighbouring countries to create large, international conservation areas that protect biodiversity and allow a wider range of movement for migratory animal populations. One such park is the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park, which links Kruger National Park with Mozambique’s Limpopo National Park and Zimbabwe’s Gonarezhou National Park. Another is Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, which links South Africa’s Kalahari Gemsbok National Park with Botswana’s Gemsbok National Park.
On arrival at Cape Town International airport, meet our representative and move to your hotel and check-in. Freshen up and relax for some time. After that, you'll stroll across to the food market to eat delicious food of your choice and explore the nearby areas. After that come back to the hotel and have a comfortable overnight stay.
Have a delicious breakfast. We start the day at the extremely top with a cable car ride up Table Mountain, trailed by a city tour of Cape Town. The remainder of the day is at your recreation, either explore the city yourself by walking or relaxing on one of Cape Town's lovely beaches. After a lovely day come back to the hotel and have a comfortable overnight stay.
Have a delicious breakfast, this is your day to explore the local tour of Cape Town. Most loved is a scenic drive along the cliffs of Chapman's Peak down to the tip of Africa, to see where the Atlantic and Indian seas meet at Cape Point. This is trailed by a stop at Boulders Beach, home to a colony of African penguins. For the ideal evening activity, you will love the wine tasting tour of the Cape Winelands. After an awesome day come back to the hotel and have a comfortable overnight stay.
Have a delicious breakfast and check-out from the hotel. Move to the airport and fly to Johannesburg. On arrival, you will hop in a vehicle and start your journey to Kruger National Park. Drive close by incredible gorges and landscape as we travel to the Kruger Park to your hotel. On arrival check-in to your hotel. The Park is a wilderness of bush and landscape that houses the well known Big Five (lion, panther, rhinoceros, elephant, and Cape buffalo) alongside several types of native birds, old trees and rivers. Have a comfortable overnight stay at the hotel.
Start early in the morning and you will venture through to the Park gate and enter at sunrise. You will have your packed breakfast at one of the picnic spots, enjoy the wilderness of Africa. Lunch will be at one of the camps in the park and you will relax here. Toward the afternoon we depart for another game drive, as the temperatures begin cooling and the wildlife turns out to be progressively active, and we will take the exit from the park for sunset. Come back to the hotel and relax have your dinner and have a comfortable overnight stay.
Start early in the morning to proceeds to the Johannesburg to catch your flight up to Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe. Have your lunch on the flight. On arrival proceed to your hotel and check-in to your hotel. This day is at leisure, relax at your hotel or explore nearby areas. Come back to your hotel and have a comfortable overnight stay.
Have a delicious breakfast. Today we're off for a hike along the Victoria Falls, one of the Seven Natural Wonders and the biggest waterfall on the planet. You should bring your raincoat, as during that you will be drenched from the rising spray, giving the falls its name: 'The smoke that roars'. The evening will be for the more adventurous, with the opportunity for jumping, swinging or ziplining over the powerful Zambezi waterway, next to the magnificent falls. After an adventurous day come back to the hotel and have a comfortable overnight stay.
Have a delicious breakfast. Today you can experience rafting down the Zambezi, one of the world's best white water rapids. Take a picturesque helicopter trip over the tremendous falls and neighboring wildlife reserve, seeing some of Africa's famous animals from above for a genuinely life-changing experience. Try Africa's own kind of escape room - the Tribal Trap. The remainder of the day is yours to unwind or head out to join a nearby Boma buffet dinner, end with traditional dancers and drumming. After a lovely day come back to your hotel and have a comfortable overnight stay.
Enjoy breakfast, lunch and relaxation time at our hotel after that hop on to an open Safari vehicle with your own personal guide, and drive to the well known Chobe National Park. Known for having the biggest elephants, driving along the Chobe Riverfront is a relentless adventure experience with wildlife coming and going. This is the night you get to encounter the wilderness of Africa: by a night out in the center of the African bush. You have a private site solely set up only for you with your own personal guide, cooks and a campfire set under the African stars. After a delicious arranged feast, lying in your tent that night you will fall asleep to the sounds of Africa.
Wake early in the morning to see the beautiful sunrise over the bush of Africa, have a delicious breakfast. After that go on a morning game drive to ideally observe the wildlife of Africa. We'll arrive late morning to check-in to your new hotel and spend the remainder of the day relaxing around the pool. Our last evening will end with a sunset cruise on the Chobe River. This is genuinely one African sunset you'll always remember. After that a comfortable overnight stay at the hotel.
Have a delicious breakfast and check-out from the hotel. Then transfer to the Kasane Airport or make the journey back to Victoria Falls. Time to say goodbye to your Africa trip with wonderful memories and amazing experiences.
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